Welcome


Welcome to the home of the Kansas Sunshine Coalition, a group of journalists, educators and interested citizens dedicated to the principle that open government is essential to a democratic society. Check out our sponsoring organizations and other key links on the right hand side of this page. Dig into the website for more information about the Coalition and its cause. And join us in this movement for openness and democracy.

Stacks Image 9
A Citizen's Guide to KORA KOMA
Click the thumbnail to read the Kansas Attorney General's Citizen's Guide to Kansas Open Records Act (KORA) and the Kansas Open Meetings Ace (KOMA).
Loading…
New Kansas Sunshine Video is Now Online!
We have an introduction video available on YouTube. Click the icon to the left to view the video.
(9:33 video should play in a pop up window.)

Latest news and information.

Lawmakers say issues arose at Gov. Sam Brownback’s dinner events
By John Hanna, Associated Press
February 6, 2012

TOPEKA — Gov. Sam Brownback raised issues such as tax cuts and water policy in private meetings with legislators at his official residence, several lawmakers said Monday, although their accounts differed about the details.

Brownback opened a dinner gathering Monday evening with two dozen legislators to an Associated Press reporter and photographer, and the event was consistent with descriptions of past events given earlier in the day by many of the 16 lawmakers interviewed. After a buffet-style dinner, Brownback’s remarks touched on legislative issues, such as taxes, education funding and water policy, mentioning a few specific proposals and taking a few questions.

Brownback had seven meetings in January for Republicans on 13 legislative committees, inviting more than 90 lawmakers in all. Shawnee County District Attorney Chad Taylor, a Democrat, is investigating whether the gatherings violated the Kansas Open Meetings Act. He has said the legality of the meetings depends upon whether legislators discussed substantive legislative issues and how much interaction there was among them.

The governor has said he’s confident the meetings did not violate the law. Asked afterward whether Monday evening’s session was typical, he said, “It wouldn’t be unusual.”

When Brownback was asked about individual meetings in January, spokeswoman Sherriene Jones-Sontag, interrupted, saying, “I don’t think we can address specifics about meeting since the investigation’s going on.”

The Open Meetings Act generally prohibits a voting majority of a legislative body from discussing government business without giving the public notice or access to the meetings. Taylor has said the act does not apply to Brownback as an individual, and alleged violations are a civil matter, not a criminal one. A person found to have knowingly broken the law can be fined up to $500 per incident.

Monday evening’s meeting differed from previous ones because the legislators invited didn’t appear to be tied to any specific committees. Also, eight Democrats were in the group, including House Minority Leader Paul Davis, of Lawrence, who said he saw no Open Meetings Act violations.

“I think we’re all safe,” Davis said.

Social dinners

Legislator-guests sipped wine and ate a dinner of bacon-wrapped sirloin, carrots and roasted new potatoes, sitting in chairs in the first-floor living room and adjacent sunroom because the governor’s residence, Cedar Crest, doesn’t have a big enough formal dining room. Brownback and Lt. Gov. Jeff Colyer chatted up the lawmakers, also eating with trays in their laps.

Brownback’s administration has said the Cedar Crest meetings were social occasions, but it also has said top aides were present to keep legislators from having discussions that might violate the meetings law. At Monday evening’s event, Brownback mentioned the act and asked Reps. Jan Pauls, a Hutchinson Democrat, and Lance Kinzer, and Olathe Republican, both attorneys, to make sure it was observed.

In discussing taxes and education funding, Brownback kept his remarks general. But he mentioned a proposal to use new gambling revenues to pay off bonds issued previously by the state, and proposals on water policy. Colyer briefly discussed the administration’s push to overhaul the state’s $2.9 billion Medicaid program, which provides health coverage for the poor, disabled and elderly.

In interviews earlier in the day, some Republican legislators who’d attended earlier events described similar dinners, with Brownback making remarks and taking questions. But their accounts differed as to how general Brownback’s remarks were and how many questions he received, and a few said they remember the events only as social occasions.

Lawmakers offended

Taylor sent a letter last week to Brownback’s office and all legislators, directing them to maintain records and electronic files that could be potential evidence, urging them to “err on the side of preservation.” His letter rankled House Speaker Mike O’Neal, a Hutchinson Republican and attorney, who said Taylor should have worked through legislative leaders to get information.

O’Neal has urged colleagues not to respond immediately to Taylor’s letter, and he’s noted that the Kansas Constitution protects lawmakers from facing subpoenas in civil cases while they’re in session. He and Senate President Steve Morris, a Hugoton Republican, said they’re consulting with legislative attorneys on a response to Taylor’s letter.

“My hope is that we would have one response to the district attorney,” O’Neal said.

Taylor said he’s puzzled by O’Neal’s reaction and hopes legislators will avoid “hiding behind legislative immunity.”

Taylor wrote, “we do not believe that this needs to be an adversarial investigation.”

Several legislators said they don’t have materials or files to preserve as evidence, outside of the invitations from the governor’s office — and some said they threw them away soon afterward, as they normally do. Senate Majority Leader Jay Emler, a Lindsborg Republican, said if he had any emails related the meetings, they probably were deleted before Taylor’s letter arrived Friday.

“I get — literally — 30,000 emails a year,” Emler said. “I don’t keep them all.”
Open-meetings abuses (click to read)
By Rhonda Holman, The Wichita Eagle / Kansas.com
February 21, 2012

State legislators need to refresh their understanding of the Kansas Open Meetings Act, which has been abused this year both under and beyond the Capitol dome.

Two points discussed in the 2012 Legislator Briefing Book seem especially pertinent:

• “Social gatherings are not subject to the open-meeting law as long as there is no discussion of the business of the public bo dy (emphasis ours).

• “Subject to reasonable rules, cameras and recording devices must be allowed at open meetings” – though some legislative committee rules provide otherwise.

Lawmakers and their host, Gov. Sam Brownback, appear to have trampled on the first rule in January, when Republicans who constituted majorities of legislative committees were invited to seven dinners at the governor’s mansion. The administration has called them “social gatherings,” but some lawmakers who attended have said the topics discussed with the governor and his staff included taxes, the state budget and water policy.

Shawnee County District Attorney Chad Taylor is investigating the dinners at the request of the Kansas Press Association and the Topeka Capital-Journal, which has noted that the dinners seem to conflict with a 1979 opinion by then-Attorney General Robert Stephan stating that “discussion of the affairs and business of the body is all that is necessary to invoke the provisions of the act.”

Now an attorney in Overland Park, Stephan told the Capital-Journal last week that the open-meetings law would apply not to what the governor said but to what committee members said. “The investigator, whether it’s the D.A. or attorney general, needs to arrive at a conclusion of whether or not they discussed an issue,” Stephan said. “And if they did, they’ve got problems.”

As for the briefing book’s point about cameras and recording devices: House Federal and State Affairs Committee Chairman Steve Brunk, R-Wichita, announced before the start of a hearing last week that he would enforce a ban on video cameras, flash photography and recording devices. On another day, a Brunk staffer told Wichita Eagle reporter Brent Wistrom that it was against committee rules to record audio, though such recording traditionally has not been challenged in legislative committees. At least two onlookers were told during meetings of Brunk’s committee to stop taking photographs or video.

Brunk told the Capital-Journal that journalists had been able to record meetings as long as doing so wasn’t intrusive, but that members of the public who wanted to digitally document the meetings generally needed permission in advance. As the Capital-Journal put it, Brunk made the distinction between journalists and citizens “to inhibit unexpected disruptions and mischief by political operatives trying to glean awkward moments from deliberations that might be posted to YouTube or some other Internet distribution vehicle.”

But it’s hard to see how most of the compact, wireless recording devices in use today could disrupt a meeting, and fear of political mischief is a bad reason to bar recording of proceedings in Kansans’ Statehouse.

Nobody gets arrested for breaking the Kansas Open Meetings Act, which can carry a $500 fine for each violation – and then only if action is brought by the state attorney general or a district attorney. But lawmakers should be faithful to both the spirit and the letter of the open-meetings law, and be exploring new ways to give Kansans the opportunity to see and hear their government work.
Stacks Image 67
The Sunshine Coalition at the
Elliott School of Communication

Wichita State University
1845 N. Fairmount
Wichita, KS 67260-0031